Toking is lots of fun but not always practical for every situation. Some folks can’t inhale smoke without problems or just don’t prefer smoking in general. Personally, I have developed the desire to eat cannabis food in the past when I become congested or sick, as smoking will prolong the healing process. But how is weed butter produced?

There are varied methods but the general idea is the same: use low heat to decarboxylate the plant matter. Then strain through a cheesecloth to strain out the plant matter, then refrigerate.

The following recipe has worked for me for two decades and has worked for humans in general for many years.

Here’s what you’ll need:

  • 1 lb. unsalted butter (that’s 4 sticks)
  • 2 cups water (add more water at any time if needed)
  • 1 ounce of ground cannabis buds -OR- high-quality cannabis leaf / trim (this amount will make some pretty potent butter, so decrease the amount of cannabis if you want a recipe that delivers lighter doses)(Note: Some people also use the remnants of vaporized cannabis, as many vaporizers fail to decarboxylate all of the THC)
  • Cheesecloth

Step 1: Add two cups of water and 1 lb of butter into a stock pot or sauce pan

Let the butter melt and begin to simmer on low. Adding water helps to regulate the temperature and prevents the butter from scorching.

Step 2: As butter begins to melt add in your ground cannabis product

Be sure to grind buds very finely or shred leaf / trim finely


Step 3: Maintain low heat and let the mixture simmer for 2-3 hours, stirring occasionally

Make sure the mixture never comes to a full boil. You can regulate this by adding water as needed


Step 4: After simmering for your desired amount of time pour the hot mixture into a glass, refrigerator-safe container, using a cheese cloth to strain out all plant product from the butter mixture

Squeeze or press the plant material to get as much liquid off of the plant product as possible. Many recipes call for you to discard the remaining plant matter but I disagree; you can bag the remaining plant matter by wrapping it in cheese cloth and using it as tea bags to make weed-tea. Alternately, you can always discard the plant matter as well.

Step 5: Cover and refrigerate remaining liquid overnight or until the butter is fully hardened

Once hardened the butter will separate from the water, allowing you to lift the now infused weed butter from the water to use in your recipes. Discard remaining water after removing the hardened weed butter.


Step 6: Let the weed butter sit at room temperature to soften for use.

Do not use a microwave to soften.


Your perfect weed butter is complete!

Your perfect weed butter is complete!


Note: Dosing homemade edibles can be tricky so the best way to test for potency is to start with one portion of a serving, wait one to two hours, then make an informed decision on whether to consume more.

If you are looking to increase bud quality for your recipes, we have you covered in this article.

Tips To Help

After two decades of production I’ve assembled a small list of hints and tips to help make your experience a great one:

  • Portion cannabutter vertically. Gravity impacts everything and each cannabinoid has a different molecular weight, so they will settle in different places. Butter from the bottom of the batch will be different than butter from the top, so don’t scoop straight off the top. Portioning vertically will ensure even cannabinoid distribution in the final product.
  • Measure carefully. Don’t plop a big spoonful of cannabutter into the batter – get out the measuring cups, and fill and level them precisely. This may seem like a no-brainer but the forces at play are non-trivial. Measuring properly is crucial to a positive, enjoyable experience.
  • Stir well. Stir until you’re positive the batter is perfectly homogeneous – and then stir some more. Uneven distribution could result in a broad range of potency in your product.Portion uniformly. Don’t attack the brownie pan with a fork; cut into equal pieces (using a ruler can help). Cookies are even harder; use a kitchen scale to weigh out equal portions of dough.
  • When in doubt, assume that the maximum amount of THC made it into your final product; you can always eat more if you find you were wrong.
  • Experiment! Find out what types of food work best to your desired result. Drinks, candy, cakes and pies are great ways to use your newly made butter. I recommend cooking on slightly less heat than indicated for any product, extending the cook time accordingly.
  • Always dose carefully and listen to your body and (as always) never drive under the influence of cannabis.


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Aaron Capener

Author Aaron Capener

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